2023 JUPEB Christian Religious Studies Answers

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(8a)
(i) Impedes economic growth: Corruption diverts public funds meant for infrastructure and essential services like healthcare and education. This leads to a lack of investment in these sectors hindering economic growth and development.

(ii) Deepens poverty: Corruption exacerbates poverty by preventing resources and benefits from reaching the vulnerable and marginalized populations. It distorts public distribution systems and enriches a few at the expense of the majority.

(iii) Undermines public trust: Corruption erodes public trust in government institutions and weakens citizens’ confidence in the ability of their leaders to effectively serve their interests. This can lead to a breakdown in social cohesion and deteriorating relationships between the government and the people.

(iv) Increases inequality: Corruption widens the gap between the rich and the poor. It enables the rich and powerful to gain undue advantages leaving the majority of the population disadvantaged and marginalized. This leads to a skewed distribution of wealth and resources.

(v) Promotes social vices: Corruption fosters a culture of greed dishonesty and unethical behavior which permeates various levels of Nigerian society. It leads to a decline in moral values and encourages individuals to engage in illegal practices to gain personal benefits.

(vi) Hinders development initiatives: Corruption impedes the successful implementation of development projects by diverting funds inflating costs and promoting inefficiency. This can result in poor infrastructure inadequate delivery of basic services and a lack of progress in important sectors like healthcare and education.

(vii) Undermines democracy and governance: Corruption undermines democratic processes by influencing elections manipulating public opinion and undermining the rule of law. This results in weak democratic institutions and a lack of accountability hindering effective governance.

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(viii) Impacts foreign investment and trade: Corruption has a negative impact on foreign direct investment (FDI). Investors are deterred by the prevalence of corruption as it increases operational risks reduces transparency and hinders business growth. It also affects trade relationships and can lead to strained diplomatic ties with other countries.

(8b)
(i) Prayer and spiritual intervention: Christians believe in the power of prayer and believe that God can intervene in corrupt situations. They may pray for the hearts and minds of corrupt individuals to be transformed for justice to prevail and for the protection of victims of corruption. Christians may also seek guidance and discernment through prayer to know how to respond to corrupt practices.

(ii) Prophetic witness and speaking out: Christians are called to be prophetic witnesses for truth and justice. This may involve speaking out against corruption advocating for transparency and accountability and challenging oppressive systems that enable corruption. Christians may use their platforms such as sermons social media and public gatherings to denounce corruption and call for change.

(iii) Active engagement in politics and governance: Christians believe in the importance of being actively involved in shaping society and working towards the common good. They may engage in politics seeking to hold elected officials accountable promoting laws and policies that address corruption and supporting leaders who demonstrate integrity and a commitment to combating corruption.

(iv) Working for holistic transformation: Christians recognize that corruption is not just an individual sin but manifests in social economic and political structures. They may participate in community development projects nonprofit organizations and initiatives that address the root causes of corruption such as poverty inequality and lack of ethical leadership. Christians may also support initiatives that promote values such as honesty fairness and transparency in all aspects of society.

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