Ondo State 2023 Joint Government Essay & Obj Answers

2023 GOVERNMENT ONDO JOINT OBJ

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(1a)
Government is the art of governing, which refers to the process of managing and controlling a society or community. It involves the exercise of power and authority to make decisions and implement policies for the common good.

(1b)
(i) Providing security: One of the primary duties of government is to provide security to its citizens. This includes protecting citizens from external threats such as terrorism, as well as maintaining law and order within the country.

(ii) Protecting rights: Government is responsible for protecting the rights of its citizens. This includes ensuring that citizens have access to basic necessities such as food, housing, and healthcare, as well as protecting civil liberties such as freedom of speech and religion.

(iii) Providing infrastructure: Government is responsible for providing and maintaining infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and public transportation. This is necessary to facilitate economic growth and ensure that citizens have access to basic services.

(iv) Promoting economic development: Government plays a key role in promoting economic development by creating policies that encourage investment and job creation. This includes providing incentives for businesses to invest in the country, as well as investing in education and training programs to develop a skilled workforce.

(2a)
A bill is a proposed law that is presented to a legislative body for consideration and possible enactment into law.

(2b)
(i) First reading: The bill is introduced in the legislative chamber and its title is read out. No debate or voting takes place during this stage.

(ii) Second reading: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber. They discuss the general principles of the bill and vote on whether it should proceed to the next stage.

(iii) Committee stage: The bill is examined in detail by a committee of members of the legislative chamber. The committee may make amendments to the bill and report back to the chamber.

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(iv) Report stage: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber again, taking into account the amendments made by the committee. Further amendments may be proposed and voted on.

(v) Third reading: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber for the final time. No further amendments can be made at this stage. The members vote on whether the bill should be passed.

(vi) Other chamber: If the bill is passed by the first chamber, it is sent to the other chamber of the legislative body for consideration. The bill goes through the same stages in the other chamber.

(vii) Royal assent: If the bill is passed by both chambers of the legislative body, it is sent to the head of state for signature. Once the head of state signs the bill, it becomes law.

(3a)
A bill is a proposed law that is presented to a legislative body for consideration and possible enactment into law.

(3b)
(i) First reading: The bill is introduced in the legislative chamber and its title is read out. No debate or voting takes place during this stage.

(ii) Second reading: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber. They discuss the general principles of the bill and vote on whether it should proceed to the next stage.

(iii) Committee stage: The bill is examined in detail by a committee of members of the legislative chamber. The committee may make amendments to the bill and report back to the chamber.

(iv) Report stage: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber again, taking into account the amendments made by the committee. Further amendments may be proposed and voted on.

(v) Third reading: The bill is debated by the members of the legislative chamber for the final time. No further amendments can be made at this stage. The members vote on whether the bill should be passed.

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(vi) Other chamber: If the bill is passed by the first chamber, it is sent to the other chamber of the legislative body for consideration. The bill goes through the same stages in the other chamber.

(vii) Royal assent: If the bill is passed by both chambers of the legislative body, it is sent to the head of state for signature. Once the head of state signs the bill, it becomes law.

(4a)
A manifesto is a public declaration of policies, goals, and intentions that a political party or candidate proposes to implement if elected into office.

(4b)
(i) Ideology: The political ideology of a party can determine its electoral success. Parties that have a clear and consistent ideology that resonates with voters are more likely to be successful.

(ii) Leadership: The leadership of a party can also determine its electoral success. Parties with strong, charismatic, and competent leaders are more likely to be successful than those with weak or ineffective leaders.

(iii) Campaign strategy: The campaign strategy of a party can also determine its electoral success. Parties that have a well-organized and effective campaign strategy are more likely to be successful.

(iv) Public opinion: Public opinion can also determine the electoral success of a party. Parties that are able to tap into the mood and concerns of the electorate are more likely to be successful than those that are out of touch with public opinion.

(5)
(i) Advising the king: The Oyo Mesi was responsible for advising the king on matters of governance and policy. They would provide counsel on issues such as war, diplomacy, and the administration of justice.

(ii) Maintaining law and order: The Oyo Mesi was responsible for maintaining law and order within the empire. They would oversee the administration of justice and ensure that the laws of the land were being upheld.

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(iii) Managing the economy: The Oyo Mesi played a key role in managing the economy of the empire. They would oversee the collection of taxes and the distribution of resources, as well as regulate trade and commerce.

(iv) Managing foreign relations: The Oyo Mesi was responsible for managing the empire’s foreign relations. They would negotiate treaties and alliances with other states, as well as oversee the administration of conquered territories.

(v) Preserving the culture: The Oyo Mesi was responsible for preserving the culture and traditions of the empire. They would oversee the performance of religious and cultural ceremonies, as well as ensure that the customs and traditions of the empire were being upheld.

(6)
(i) Providing leadership: The Emir is responsible for providing leadership in the community. They are expected to lead by example, and to set the tone for the community in terms of values, ethics, and behavior.

(ii) Maintaining law and order: The Emir is responsible for maintaining law and order within the community. They would oversee the administration of justice, and ensure that the laws of the land were being upheld.

(iii) Promoting economic development: The Emir plays a key role in promoting economic development in the community. They would encourage investment and job creation, as well as oversee the distribution of resources and the regulation of trade.

(iv) Preserving the culture: The Emir is responsible for preserving the culture and traditions of the community. They would oversee the performance of religious and cultural ceremonies, as well as ensure that the customs and traditions of the community were being upheld.

(v) Managing foreign relations: The Emir is responsible for managing the community’s foreign relations. They would negotiate treaties and alliances with other states, as well as oversee the administration of conquered territories.

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