WAEC 2023: Biology Verified Objective And Essays Answers

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BIOLOGY
01-10: CABADCCBCD
11-20: DBCDDBDBBC
21-30: ADABDAADCD
31-40: BBCBDCBBBB
41-50: ABCCBCACDA

COMPLETED

(1a)
The classification of living things involves grouping organisms based on their characteristics. The current classification system consists of Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.

(1bi)
-Fungi-
(i)Decomposition- Fungi decompose organic matter and recycle nutrients, contributing to soil health.
(ii)Medicine- Some fungi are used in medicine, such as Penicillium, which produces antibiotics.
(iii)Food- Edible mushrooms are a popular food item across the world. Certain fungi like yeast are used in baking and fermentation to produce wine and beer.
(iv)Industry- Fungi are used in industries like paper manufacturing and in the production of enzymes like citric acid and gluconic acid.

(1bii)
-Plants-
(i)Food- Plants are a major source of food for humans and animals.
(ii)Oxygen production- Through photosynthesis, green plants produce oxygen which is essential to all living organisms.
(iii)Raw materials- Fibers are obtained from plants and are used to make clothing, paper, and other products. Plants like timber and bamboo are used for construction purposes.
(iv) Medicine- Many plants contain compounds with medicinal properties that are used in traditional medicine and pharmaceutical industry.

(1c)
(i) Cnidaria; Hydra
(ii) Nematoda; Ascaris
(iii) Chordata; Dog, cat
(iv) Annelida ; Earthworm, leeches
(v) Mullusca; Snail, slugs, limpets

(2a)
[FILL IN THE TABLE WITH THIS]

IRON:
Function:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Chlorophyll formation
-Electron transport in photosynthesis
-Enzyme activation
-Nitrogen fixation

Effects of deficiency in plants:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Chlorosis (yellowing of leaves)
-Stunted growth
-Reduced fruit and seed production
-Interference with nutrient uptake

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MOLYBDENUM:
Function:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Nitrogen fixation
-Enzymatic reactions
-Iron uptake and utilization
-Seed germination and growth
-Chlorophyll formation

Effects of deficiency in plants:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Reduced nitrogen fixation
-Chlorosis (yellowing of leaves)
-Impaired sulfur metabolism
-Abnormal phosphorus uptake
-Altered enzyme activity

POTASSIUM
Function:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Osmotic regulation
-Enzyme activation
-Protein synthesis

Effects of deficiency in plants:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Stunted growth.
-Leaf chlorosis.
-Weak stems.
-Reduced flower and fruit production.
-Increased susceptibility to diseases and pests.

COPPER
Function:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-It plays a vital role in activating various enzymes within plants
-It helps to facilitate photosynthesis
-It helps facilitate respiration in plants

(PICK ANY ONE)
Effects of deficiency in plants:
-Stunted growth
-Yellowing of leaves
-Death of plant tissue
-Reduced fertility
-Increased susceptibility to diseases

NITROGEN
Function:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-It helps in building proteins
-It is a fundamental constituent of nucleic acids and DNA
-It helps in formation of chlorophyll
-It helps in energy transfer and metabolism
-It is an enzyme co-factor

Effects of deficiency in plants:
(PICK ANY ONE)
-Reduced photosynthesis
-Poor protein synthesis
-Leaf necrosis
-Increased susceptibility to diseases and pests.
-Impaired nutrient transport

(2b)
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) Fruits and Vegetables
(ii) Grains and Cereals
(iii) Legumes and Pulses
(iv) Nuts and Seeds
(v) Dairy Products
(vi) Meat, Poultry, and Fish

(2ci)
BUCCAL CAVITY:
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) The buccal cavity is the entry point for food and liquids into the digestive system.
(ii) The buccal cavity is responsible for chewing or masticating food.
(iii) The buccal cavity contains salivary glands that produce saliva.
(iv) The buccal cavity plays a vital role in speech production.

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(2cii)
DUODENUM
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) The duodenum receives partially digested food from the stomach and continues the process of digestion.
(ii) The duodenum is involved in the absorption of nutrients from digested food.
(iii) The duodenum plays a role in regulating the overall process of digestion.
(iv) The duodenum secretes several important hormones that regulate various aspects of digestion.

(2ciii)
STOMACH
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) One of the primary roles of the stomach is to store food temporarily after it has been ingested.
(ii) The stomach aids in the mechanical digestion of food through muscular contractions known as peristalsis.
(iii) The stomach secretes gastric juices, primarily composed of (HCl) and enzymes such as pepsin, which play a crucial role in chemical digestion.
(iv) The stomach controls the rate at which food is released into the small intestine.

(2d)
Glucose and fructose

3a) The types of relationships are:

I: Decomposition or saprophytic relationship
II: Commensalism
III: Mutualism
IV: Predation
V: Parasitism

3b) In relationship IV:
– Organism B: Prey
– Organism G: Predator

3c) Examples of organisms B to J

B: Dead tree
C: Vulture
D: Lion
E: Hermit crab
F: Sea anemone
G: Snake
H: Bee
J: Sheep

3d)
(i) The relationship that is most beneficial to the ecosystem is III (Mutualism).

(3dii) One reason for this is that mutualistic relationships involve interactions where both organisms benefit from each other’s presence, contributing to the overall stability and productivity of the ecosystem.

3e)
(I) Examples of organism A:
– Fungi (such as mushrooms or molds) that grow on decaying matter
– Bacteria that decompose organic material

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(3eii) The group to which organism A belongs is the decomposers or decomposer organisms.

(5ai)
Sense organs are the specialized organs composed of sensory neurons, which help us to perceive and respond to our surroundings.

(5aii)
(i) Nose: Responds to airborne chemical substances like aroma or odors.
(ii) Taste buds: Detect chemicals present in food or solution to give the perception of taste.
(iii) Olfactory epithelium: Receives and detects dissolved substances in the mouth and throat, giving a sense of smell.

(5bi)
(i) Male Agama
(ii) Tilapia fish
(iii) Male crocodile

(5bii)
(i) Matured male and female Tilapia zilli
(ii) Matured male and Female Clarins gariepinus
(iii) Matured male and female humans

(5ci)
Both have a protective covering

(5cii)
TABULATE

=EGG OF TOAD=
(i) They do not contain the amniotic fluid
(ii) The fertilised zygote are covered with membrane
(iii) They are anamniotes.

=EGGS OF BIRDS=
(i) Contain the amniotic fluid
(ii) The fertilised zygotes are covered with shell
(iii) They are amniotes.

(5d)
TABULATE PLS
(i) Azotobacter; Produce nitrates from free nitrogen in soil

(ii) Rhizobium; Absorb atmospheric nitrogen in the soil and build up nitrates

(iii) Blue green algae; Fixes atmospheric nitrogen into nitrates

(iv) Nitrosomonas; Oxidises ammonium to nitrates

(5e)
(i) Saprophytic nutrition; Fungi, Bacteria

(ii) Symbiotic nutrition; Algae, Fungus

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