WAEC 2023 Photography Essays & Obj Questions And Answers

PHOTOGRAPHY OBJ:
1-10: BCCACACCAD
11-20: BBCDADBBAC
21-30: CDBADBCADC

Essays part

(2a)
He was born in 1930.

(2b)
He was born in the town of Olowogbowo in Lagos Nigeria.

(2c)
He is Nigerian.

(2d)
[PICK ANY FOUR]
(i) He studied photography at the School of Photography in London in 1955.
(ii) He was an apprentice to the western Nigerian Government Photographer Arthur Prest in the early 1950s.
(iii) Ojeikere learned about composition and lighting from modernist photographers and he also drew on traditional Yoruba aesthetics in his work.
(iv) He worked as a photographer for the Nigerian Ministry of Information in the early 1960s documenting events and creating portraits of political figures.
(v) He experimented with new photographic techniques such as multiple exposures and using mirrors to reflect the subject.

(2e)
[PICK ANY TWO]
(i) His images of Nigerian hairstyles are a significant documentation of African culture and fashion with many of his photographs being used as reference material by contemporary hairstylists and designers.
(ii) He brought attention to and helped legitimize African photography as an art form.
(iii) Ojeikere’s work challenged and subverted Western notions of beauty and aesthetics by highlighting the unique and often intricate forms of African hairstyles.
(iv) He was one of the first Nigerian photographers to use photography as a means of recording and preserving cultural heritage.
(v) His use of black and white photography and his attention to detail influenced many younger photographers and artists in Nigeria and beyond.
(vi) Through his work Ojeikere contributed to the development of a distinctly African photographic identity and a sense of cultural pride.

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(3a)
The camera obscura works on the principle of light rays traveling in straight lines. It consists of a darkened room or box with a small hole or aperture on one side. When light enters through the aperture, it forms an inverted image of the scene outside on the opposite wall or surface inside the chamber.

(3bi)
(i) Invention of the first permanent photograph.
(ii) Development of heliography.
(iii) Pioneering long exposure photography.

(3bii)
He invented the daguerreotype process

(3biii)
(i) Invention of the Calotype Process.
(ii) He introduced the concept of using a negative to create multiple positive prints.

(3biv)
(i) He introduced the Kodak camera
(ii) Introduction of flexible film.
(iii) Introduction of roll film.

(4a)
Digital photography refers to the process of capturing, storing, and manipulating images using digital technology. Unlike traditional photography, which uses film and chemical processes to develop images, digital photography uses an electronic sensor to capture light and converts it into digital data.

(4b)
(i) R: Control button
(ii) S: Shutter button
(iii) T: Sensor
(iv) U: Hot shoe
(v) V: Flash
(vi) W: Lens release button

(4c)
(i) It has the ability to instantly preview the captured image on the camera’s LCD screen which provides instant feedback, helping photographers to correct any errors or reshoot if needed, resulting in improved image quality and fewer wasted shots.
(ii) Digital cameras eliminate the need for film and development costs associated with traditional photography
(iii) Digital cameras offer the flexibility to adjust the ISO sensitivity, which determines the camera’s sensitivity to light.

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(6a)
(i) Natural light
(ii) Artificial light.

(6bi)
-NATURAL LIGHT-
[PICK ANY FOUR]
(i) Sunrise and sunset light
(ii) Golden hour light
(iii) Blue hour light
(iv) Overcast light
(v) Shade or diffused light
(vi) Backlight or rim light

(6bii)
-ARTIFICIAL LIGHT-
[PICK ANY FOUR]
(i)Ambient or existing light
(ii) Tungsten or incandescent light
(iii) Fluorescent light
(iv) LED light
(v) Strobe or flash light
(vi) Studio lighting

(6c)
[PICK ANY FIVE]
(i) Focusing the image – the lens is responsible for bringing the image into focus on the camera sensor or film.
(ii) Controlling depth of field – the lens aperture controls how much of the image is in focus.
(iii) Controlling exposure – the lens aperture also affects the amount of light that reaches the camera sensor or film.
(iv) Controlling image perspective – lenses with different focal lengths offer different perspectives and can change the appearance of an image.
(v) Providing optical corrections – lenses can correct for distortion chromatic aberration and other optical defects.
(vi) Allowing creativity – lenses with different focal lengths and special features such as macro or tilt-shift offer a range of creative possibilities.
(vii) Affecting image quality – different lenses can produce different levels of sharpness contrast and bokeh which can affect the overall quality of the image.

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