WAEC Financial Accounting Objective & Essay Legit Answers For 2023 – May/Ju

<FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING | WAEC RUNZ | WAEC EXPO | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING ANSWERS | ACCOUNTING LEGIT EXPO 2023 | LEGIT EXPO SITE | SURE WAEC ANSWERS

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING
01-10: BBBCDCACCB
11-20: CADBAABAAC
21-30: DDDCBBABDB
31-40: BCCADCDBAC
41-50: BBDBCCBBAB

COMPLETED

(1a)
Incomplete records refers to a situation where a business or individual lacks certain essential accounting records or information necessary for accurate and comprehensive financial reporting.

OR

Incomplete records refers to a method of financial accounting where a business or individual maintains an incomplete set of accounting records. It means that essential accounting information, such as transactions, financial statements, and supporting documents, is missing or insufficiently recorded

(1b)
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) Lack of knowledge or understanding: The business may lack the necessary knowledge or understanding of proper accounting practices, resulting in incomplete or inaccurate record-keeping.

(ii) Insufficient resources: Small businesses or startups with limited resources may not have the financial means to invest in sophisticated accounting software or hire professional accountants. As a result, they may struggle to maintain complete and accurate financial records.

(iii) Time constraints: Business owners or employees may be overwhelmed with day-to-day operations and find it challenging to allocate enough time to maintain comprehensive financial records. This can lead to incomplete or delayed recording of financial transactions.

(iv) Negligence or oversight: In some cases, business owners or employees may simply overlook the importance of maintaining complete records. They may neglect to document certain transactions or fail to follow proper accounting procedures due to carelessness or lack of attention to detail.

(v) Complexity of transactions: Certain businesses, such as those involved in international trade or complex financial instruments, may encounter transactions that are challenging to record accurately. This complexity can result in incomplete records or errors in financial reporting.

(vi) Legal or regulatory compliance issues: Businesses operating in highly regulated industries may face complex reporting requirements and compliance standards. Failure to understand or adhere to these regulations can lead to incomplete or inaccurate financial records.

(vii) Internal control weaknesses: Inadequate internal control systems within a business can contribute to incomplete record-keeping. Without proper checks and balances, there is a higher risk of errors, omissions, or even intentional manipulation of financial records.

(viii) Fraud or misconduct: In some unfortunate cases, incomplete records may be intentionally maintained as part of fraudulent activities or misconduct. By keeping certain transactions off the books or manipulating financial data, individuals within the organization may attempt to deceive stakeholders or evade taxes.

(1c)
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) The business may lack the necessary knowledge or understanding of proper accounting practices, resulting in incomplete or inaccurate record-keeping.

(ii) Small businesses or startups with limited resources may not have the financial means to invest in sophisticated accounting software or hire professional accountants. As a result, they may struggle to maintain complete and accurate financial records.

(iii) Business owners may be overwhelmed with day-to-day operations and find it challenging to allocate enough time to maintain comprehensive financial records.

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(iv) In some cases, business owners or employees may simply overlook the importance of maintaining complete records by neglecting to document certain transactions or fail to follow proper accounting procedures due to carelessness or lack of attention to detail.

(v) Certain businesses, such as those involved in international trade or complex financial instruments, may encounter transactions that are challenging to record accurately. This complexity can result in incomplete records or errors in financial reporting.

(vi) Businesses operating in highly regulated industries may face complex reporting requirements and compliance standards. Failure to understand or adhere to these regulations can lead to incomplete or inaccurate financial records.

(vii) Inadequate internal control systems within a business can contribute to incomplete record-keeping. Without proper checks and balances, there is a higher risk of errors, omissions, or even intentional manipulation of financial records.
(viii) Incomplete records may be intentionally maintained as part of fraudulent activities or misconduct. By keeping certain transactions off the books or manipulating financial data, individuals within the organization may attempt to deceive stakeholders or evade taxes.

Waec Financial Accounting

Number 2

(2a) Purchase of consumables posted to purchases account:
Error: The consumables purchase was incorrectly posted to the purchases account.
Effect on trial balance: The error would cause an understatement of purchases and an overstatement of another account (possibly consumables).
Impact on trial balance agreement: The error affects the trial balance totals since it misstates the purchases account and potentially another account.

(2b) An invoice amount incorrectly posted to purchases day book:
Error: The invoice amount was posted incorrectly to the purchases day book.
Effect on trial balance: This error would result in an understatement of the purchases account and possibly an overstatement of another account (possibly a day book).
Impact on trial balance agreement: The error affects the trial balance totals as it misstates the purchases account and potentially another account.

(2c) Returns outwards posted to the personal account only:
Error: The returns outwards were only posted to the personal account, likely omitting the correct accounts affected.
Effect on trial balance: This error could lead to an understatement of returns outwards and an overstatement or omission of another account.
Impact on trial balance agreement: The error affects the trial balance totals as it misstates the returns outwards account and potentially another account.

(2d) The total sales of N 120,000 was recorded as N 102,000:
Error: The total sales amount was recorded incorrectly as N 102,000 instead of N 120,000.
Effect on trial balance: This error would cause an understatement of sales and possibly an overstatement or omission of another account.
Impact on trial balance agreement: The error affects the trial balance totals as it misstates the sales account and potentially another account.

(2e) Payment of cheque to Ige entered on the receipt side of the cash book and credited to Ige’s account:
Error: The payment of the cheque to Ige was incorrectly entered on the receipt side of the cash book and credited to Ige’s account.
Effect on trial balance: This error would result in an overstatement of receipts and an incorrect entry in Ige’s account.
Impact on trial balance agreement: The error affects the trial balance totals as it misstates the receipts account and potentially Ige’s account.

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(3)
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Investors
(ii) Creditors
(iii) Managers
(iv) Government
(v) Employees
(vi) Shareholders
(vii) Suppliers
(viii) Competitors
(ix) Financial Analysts
(x) General Public.

THEIR RESPECTIVE INTERESTS IN THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION:
(PICK ANY FIVE U PICKED ABOVE)
(i) Investors: Investors are interested in accounting information to assess the financial health and performance of a company. They use this information to make informed investment decisions and evaluate the potential returns and risks associated with their investments.

(ii) Creditors: Creditors, such as banks and suppliers, use accounting information to determine the creditworthiness and financial stability of a company. They rely on this information to assess the company’s ability to repay loans or fulfill financial obligations.

(iii) Managers: Managers within an organization use accounting information to monitor and evaluate the financial performance of the company. They rely on this information to make strategic decisions, allocate resources, and identify areas for improvement or cost-saving measures.

(iv) Government Agencies: Government agencies, such as tax authorities and regulatory bodies, use accounting information to ensure compliance with financial reporting standards, assess tax liabilities, and monitor the financial health of businesses within their jurisdiction.

(v) Employees: Employees are interested in accounting information, particularly financial statements, to evaluate the financial stability and profitability of the company they work for. It helps them gauge job security and potential for career growth within the organization.

(vi) Shareholders: Shareholders, who own shares in a company, are interested in accounting information to assess the company’s financial performance, dividends, and overall value. This information helps them evaluate the returns on their investment and make decisions related to buying or selling shares.

(vii) Suppliers: Suppliers analyze accounting information to evaluate the financial stability and payment capability of their customers. This helps them assess the creditworthiness and manage any risks associated with extending credit or providing goods and services on credit terms.

(viii) Competitors: Competitors may use accounting information, such as financial statements, to benchmark their own performance against industry peers. It provides insights into the financial strategies and competitive position of other companies, aiding in strategic decision-making.

(ix) Financial Analysts: Financial analysts rely on accounting information to analyze and interpret financial statements, assess company performance, and make recommendations to investors or clients. They use this information to provide insights, forecasts, and valuations of companies.

(x) General Public: The general public, including consumers and the local community, may have an interest in accounting information to evaluate the financial stability, ethical practices, and social responsibility of companies. This information can influence public perception, consumer behavior, and public trust in the organization.

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4a)Accounting ratios are used to analyze financial information and to evaluate the financial health of a company. Ratios are calculated by dividing one financial statement item by another. For example, a company’s current assets can be divided by its current liabilities to calculate its current ratio.

Liquidity ratios are a type of accounting ratio that measures a company’s ability to meet its short-term financial obligations. One example of a liquidity ratio is the current ratio, which is calculated by dividing a company’s current assets by its current liabilities. The current ratio measures a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debts using its short-term assets. A higher current ratio indicates that a company is more likely to be able to meet its short-term financial obligations, while a lower current ratio indicates that a company may have difficulty meeting these obligations.

4b)
Three uses of accounting ratios are:

1. To evaluate a company’s financial performance – Accounting ratios can be used to assess a company’s profitability, liquidity, efficiency, and solvency. By comparing a company’s ratios to industry benchmarks or to its own historical performance, investors and managers can evaluate the company’s financial health and identify areas for improvement.

2. To make investment decisions – Accounting ratios can be used by investors to evaluate the financial health of a company and to make investment decisions. By analyzing a company’s ratios, investors can assess the company’s profitability, liquidity, and risk, and can decide whether to buy or sell the company’s stock.

3. To monitor financial performance – Accounting ratios can be used by managers to monitor the financial performance of a company and to identify areas for improvement. By tracking ratios over time, managers can identify trends and patterns in the company’s financial performance, and can take action to improve profitability, efficiency, or other metrics.

4c)
Three limitations of the use of accounting ratios are:

1. Comparability – Accounting ratios are most useful when comparing a company’s ratios to industry benchmarks or to its own historical performance. However, different companies may use different accounting methods or may have different business models, which can make it difficult to compare ratios across companies. This can limit the usefulness of accounting ratios for investors and managers.

2. Manipulation – Companies may manipulate their financial statements in order to improve their accounting ratios. For example, a company may delay paying its bills in order to improve its current ratio. This can make it difficult for investors and managers to use accounting ratios to evaluate a company’s financial health.

3. Lack of context – Accounting ratios provide a snapshot of a company’s financial performance at a particular point in time. However, they do not provide context about the company’s business model, industry trends, or other factors that may affect its financial performance. This can limit the usefulness of accounting ratios for making investment or business decisions.

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