2023 NABTEB GCE Civic Education Obj & Essay Answers





A human trafficker is an individual or a member of an organized group who engages in the illegal trade or activity of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring, or receiving people through force, coercion, deception, or other means for the purpose of exploitation.

(i) Physical and Psychological Trauma: Victims of human trafficking often endure physical and psychological abuse, leading to severe trauma. This can include injuries, malnutrition, and lasting mental health issues.

(ii) Loss of Freedom and Dignity: Trafficked individuals experience a profound loss of freedom and dignity as they are subjected to coercion and control by traffickers, who dictate their every move and decision.

(iii) Sexual Exploitation and Abuse: Many victims of human trafficking, particularly women and children, are subjected to sexual exploitation and abuse. This includes forced prostitution, sexual slavery, and other forms of sexual violence.

(iv) Health Risks and Neglect: Trafficked individuals often lack access to proper healthcare, leading to health risks and complications. The conditions under which they are held may also contribute to the spread of diseases.

(v) Social Isolation and Stigmatization: Human trafficking victims may face social isolation and stigmatization, as they are often held in situations where contact with the outside world is restricted. This isolation can persist even after their rescue.

(vi) Broken Families and Relationships: Families of trafficking victims may experience emotional and financial strain, leading to broken family ties. The separation and impact on relationships can be long-lasting.

(vii) Economic Exploitation: Traffickers often exploit victims for economic gain through forced labor. This may involve working in industries such as agriculture, construction, domestic work, or manufacturing under exploitative conditions.

(viii) Legal Consequences: Human trafficking is a criminal offense, and traffickers, when apprehended, can face legal consequences, including imprisonment and fines. However, prosecution and conviction rates vary across jurisdictions and can be challenging due to the clandestine nature of the crime.

Public Service refers to the various government organizations and individuals working under public authority to provide essential services and implement government policies. It includes government ministries, departments, agencies, and personnel dedicated to serving the public, ensuring the delivery of public goods, and fostering the overall welfare of citizens.

(i) Merit-Based Recruitment: Encouraging the employment and promotion of individuals based on their qualifications and abilities rather than connections or other non-merit factors.

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(ii) Training and Development: Providing ongoing training programs to enhance the skills and knowledge of public servants, ensuring they stay up-to-date with modern practices.

(iii) Accountability Measures: Establishing systems to evaluate and hold public servants accountable for their actions, ensuring transparency and responsible conduct.

(iv) Fair Compensation: Ensuring public servants receive fair and competitive salaries to motivate and retain skilled professionals.

(v) Use of Technology: Embracing modern technologies to streamline processes, increase efficiency, and improve service delivery.

(vi) Reducing Bureaucracy: Simplifying administrative processes to minimize red tape and speed up decision-making.

(vii) Promoting Ethics and Integrity: Encouraging a culture of honesty, ethical behavior, and integrity among public servants to build trust with the public.

(viii) Citizen Engagement: Involving citizens in decision-making processes and incorporating their feedback to tailor public services to their needs.

A secret cult group refers to an enclosed organized association whose membership and activities as well as mode of operations are not only done and kept in secret but are at variance with the accepted norms of society.

(i) Peer Pressure
(ii) For protection or security, especially in environments where they feel vulnerable to threats.
(iii) Desire for Power and Influence
(iv) Search for Identity or sense of belonging
(v) Fear of intimidation or bullying by existing cult members

(i) Violence and Criminal Activities: Secret cults are often associated with violence, criminal activities, and antisocial behaviors, posing a threat to the safety and well-being of individuals and communities.

(ii) Undermining Academic Focus: Involvement in secret cults can divert students’ attention from academic pursuits, negatively impacting their educational and personal development.

(iii) Erosion of Moral Values: Secret cults may promote values contrary to societal norms, contributing to the erosion of moral values and ethical conduct.

(iv) Social Disintegration: Secret cults can contribute to the breakdown of social cohesion by fostering divisiveness and promoting exclusionary practices.

(v) Loss of Lives and Property: The activities of secret cults often lead to loss of lives, injuries, and destruction of property, posing a significant threat to the overall security of society.

(vi) Impact on Mental Health: Involvement in secret cults can have detrimental effects on the mental health of individuals, leading to stress, anxiety, and emotional distress.

NDLEA means National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

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(i) Education and Awareness Programs: Implement comprehensive drug education programs in schools and communities to raise awareness about the dangers of drug abuse and promote informed decision-making.

(ii) Strict Law Enforcement: Enforce stringent laws and regulations against the production, trafficking, and sale of illicit drugs, with appropriate penalties for offenders.

(iii) Parental Guidance and Supervision: Foster open communication between parents and children, providing guidance and supervision to help prevent drug abuse. Establishing strong family bonds can be a protective factor.

(iv) Youth Empowerment Programs: Implement programs that empower young people with skills, knowledge, and opportunities for personal development, reducing the likelihood of turning to substance abuse.

(v) Community Involvement: Encourage community-based initiatives that address the root causes of drug abuse, providing support systems and resources for individuals at risk.

(vi) Access to Treatment and Rehabilitation Services: Ensure the availability of accessible and affordable treatment and rehabilitation services for individuals struggling with drug abuse, emphasizing a holistic approach to recovery.

(i) Physical Health Issues: Drug abuse can lead to various physical health problems, including cardiovascular issues, respiratory disorders, and damage to organs such as the liver and kidneys.

(ii) Mental Health Disorders: Drug abuse is associated with mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, psychosis, and an increased risk of suicide.

(iii) Impaired Cognitive Function: Substance abuse can impair cognitive function, affecting memory, attention, and decision-making abilities.

(iv) Social Isolation: Individuals engaged in drug abuse may experience social isolation as relationships with family and friends deteriorate due to their substance use.

(v) Legal Consequences: Drug abuse often leads to legal consequences, including arrests, imprisonment, and criminal records that can have long-lasting effects on an individual’s life.

(vi) Financial Strain: Maintaining a drug habit can result in significant financial strain, as individuals may spend a substantial amount of money to acquire drugs, leading to financial instability.

(vii) Deterioration of Academic and Occupational Performance: Drug abuse can negatively impact academic performance and occupational success, hindering an individual’s ability to achieve their potential.

(viii) Risk of Overdose and Death: The misuse of drugs increases the risk of overdose, which can be fatal. Certain substances, especially opioids and synthetic drugs, pose a significant risk to life.

National consciousness refers to a collective awareness and sense of belonging, identity, and pride that citizens feel toward their nation. It involves understanding and recognizing shared values, history, culture, and symbols that unite individuals within a country.

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(i)Education: Integrate lessons about national history, values, and civic responsibilities into the curriculum to cultivate a sense of identity and belonging among students.

(ii)Cultural Celebrations: Organize events, festivals, and ceremonies that showcase the nation’s diverse cultural heritage, fostering a shared sense of pride and unity.

(iii)Patriotic Symbols: Encourage the display and respect of national symbols, such as the flag, anthem, and emblem, to instill a sense of identity and belonging

(iv)Community Engagement: Promote community involvement in civic activities, volunteering, and local initiatives that contribute to the welfare of the nation.

(v)Media and Communication: Utilize media platforms to highlight national achievements, promote unity, and encourage discussions on civic responsibilities and national values.

(vi)Leadership and Governance: Ensure that leaders exemplify and reinforce national values, ethics, and principles, thereby inspiring citizens to uphold these ideals

Youth empowerment refers to the process of providing young individuals with the necessary knowledge, skills, resources, and opportunities to actively participate in society. It involves enabling young people to contribute positively to their communities, engage in decision-making processes, advocate for their rights, and take on leadership roles to drive social change and progress.


(i)Life coping skills
(ii) manipulative skills
(iii) communication skills
(iv) Intellectual skills
(v) Listening skills

Tailoring: Tailoring, as a skill refers to the ability to sew and create clothing. Learning tailoring enables individuals, especially young people, to acquire a vocational skill that can lead to self-employment or employment within the fashion and garment industry. This skill not only provides economic opportunities but also fosters creativity and entrepreneurship among young individuals.

Photography: Photography as a youth empowerment skill, involves the art and technical proficiency of capturing images using a camera.Photography allows youths to express themselves artistically, exploring various subjects, styles, and perspectives.By mastering photography, young individuals not only acquire a valuable skill but also gain a tool for self-expression, entrepreneurship, and potential career growth.

Carpentry: Carpentry as a youth empowerment skill, involves working with wood to create structures, furniture, and various wooden objects. Learning carpentry equips young people with a tangible and practical skillset, allowing them to build functional items from scratch.By learning carpentry, young individuals not only gain a valuable trade skill but also open doors to entrepreneurship, employment, and a means of creative expression through woodworking.

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